Order prices

Order price information includes menu item prices, service charges, and taxes.

Getting check prices before you submit an order

Before you can POST an order to the /orders endpoint, you must first obtain the order price information for the order. For an overview of the order creation process, including the step to obtain the order prices, see Order creation process for the orders API.

To get the price information, you send a POST request to the /prices endpoint of the orders API. The request contains an Order object with the information about the order.

The /prices endpoint is the only reliable and supported way to determine the payment amount for a check. If you POST an order with a payment amount that does not match the results from the /prices endpoint, then restaurant employees must manually handle the underpayment or overpayment during order fulfillment.

Example Order object for a request to the /prices endpoint

The following example shows a JSON Order object to POST to the /prices endpoint. The order contains one check with a single menu item.

{
  "entityType": "Order",
  "diningOption": {
    "guid": "23fc2559-fc37-46ce-a963-cc5fdb88af0c"1
  },
  "checks": [
    {
      "entityType": "Check",
      "selections": [
        {
          "itemGroup": {
            "guid": "46c963b8-a4c8-4cd0-9b7e-e1c431ed0b53"2
          },
          "item": {
            "guid": "a8b4439d-185d-41df-8ad3-2ff4f7dfa6ec"3
          },
          "quantity": 1,4
          "modifiers": []
        }
      ]
    }
  ]
}

1

The GUID of the dining option for the order. For example, the dining option for an order might be dine in, takeout, or delivery.

For some dining options, you might need to include additional information. For example, for takeout orders, you provide information about the guest who will pick up an order.

2

The GUID of the menu group for the menu item selected for this check. For example, a menu group might be "appetizers" or "drinks."

3

The GUID of the menu item selected for this check. For example, a menu item might be "spinach dip" or "lemonade."

4

The quantity of the menu item selection. For example, to order three lemonades, a check includes a "lemonade" menu item selection with a quantity of three.

Response data from the /prices endpoint

The response from the /prices endpoint fills in the amounts, including prices and taxes, for the menu item selections and checks. For a description of the amount fields in the Order object, see Order amounts.

The following example shows the response data returned by the /prices endpoint of the orders API.

{
  "guid": null,
  "entityType": "Order",
  "externalId": null,
  "revenueCenter": null,
  "server": null,
  "deliveryInfo": null,
  "serviceArea": null,
  "numberOfGuests": 1,
  "diningOption": {
    "guid": "23fc2559-fc37-46ce-a963-cc5fdb88af0c",
    "entityType": "DiningOption",
    "externalId": null
  },
  "source": "API",
  "voidDate": null,
  "openedDate": "2017-05-09T16:24:09.881+0000",
  "duration": null,
  "businessDate": 20170509,
  "voidBusinessDate": null,
  "checks": [
    {
      "guid": null,
      "entityType": "Check",
      "externalId": null,
      "displayNumber": null,
      "amount": 8.99,1
      "tabName": null,
      "taxExempt": false,
      "payments": [],
      "appliedDiscounts": [],
      "voidDate": null,
      "openedDate": "2017-05-09T16:24:09.883+0000",
      "totalAmount": 9.55,2
      "selections": [
        {
          "guid": null,
          "entityType": "MenuItemSelection",
          "externalId": null,
          "itemGroup": {
            "guid": "46c963b8-a4c8-4cd0-9b7e-e1c431ed0b53",
            "entityType": "MenuGroup",
            "externalId": null
          },
          "deferred": false,
          "item": {
            "guid": "a8b4439d-185d-41df-8ad3-2ff4f7dfa6ec",
            "entityType": "MenuItem",
            "externalId": null
          },
          "quantity": 1,
          "preDiscountPrice": 8.99,3
          "voidReason": null,
          "optionGroup": null,
          "displayName": "Crab Cakes",
          "appliedDiscounts": [],
          "tax": 0.56,4
          "modifiers": [],
          "seatNumber": -1,
          "voidDate": null,
          "fulfillmentStatus": "NEW",
          "salesCategory": null,
          "selectionType": "NONE",
          "voidBusinessDate": null,
          "createdDate": null,
          "preModifier": null,
          "price": 8.99,5
          "modifiedDate": null,
          "voided": false,
          "appliedTaxes": [
            {
              "entityType": "AppliedTaxRate",
              "taxRate": {
                "guid": "d5b88c05-1348-42ef-b1d3-577a83d70a80",
                "entityType": "TaxRate"
              },
              "name": "State Tax",
              "rate": 0.0625,
              "taxAmount": 0.56,
              "type": "PERCENT"
            }
          ]
        }
      ],
      "voidBusinessDate": null,
      "deleted": false,
      "paidDate": null,
      "closedDate": null,
      "deletedDate": null,
      "modifiedDate": null,
      "appliedLoyaltyInfo": null,
      "voided": false,
      "taxAmount": 0.56,6
      "appliedServiceCharges": [],
      "paymentStatus": "OPEN",
      "customer": null
    }
  ],
  "deleted": false,
  "paidDate": null,
  "closedDate": null,
  "deletedDate": null,
  "restaurantService": null,
  "modifiedDate": null,
  "promisedDate": null,
  "voided": false,
  "estimatedFulfillmentDate": null,
  "table": null
}

1

The price of the check after discounts, not including tax.

2

The price of the check after discounts, including tax.

3

The price of the menu item selection, before discounts.

4

The tax amount applied to the menu item selection.

5

The menu item selection, including discounts, quantity adjustments, and modifiers.

6

The tax amount applied to the menu item selection.

Including open price menu items in an order

You can create orders that include open price menu items. When you create the order, you specify the price of the menu item.

About open price menu items

Open price menu items allow restaurant employees or your integration client software to set the price of a configured menu item. For example, the price of a seafood menu item might vary each day based on the current market price. Instead of changing the price in the menu each day, the item is configured as an open price menu item, and the price is specified when the order is placed. You can POST orders with open price menu items with the orders API.

Open price menu items are different from open menu items, which allow restaurant employees to set both the name AND the price of the item. You cannot POST orders with open menu items with the orders API.

To verify that a menu item is an open price menu item, check the pricingStrategy value of the MenuItem object in the menus API response data. If the pricingStrategy value is OPEN_PRICE, then the menu item is an open price menu item.

The following example MenuItem object is for an open price menu item:

...
"menuItems": [
  {
    "entityIdentifier": "0/2/0/e19e5a1c-2b52-42ad-935e-568cd2a333dc",
    "name": "Soda",
    "guid": "e19e5a1c-2b52-42ad-935e-568cd2a333dc",
    "masterId": 200000000070407140,
    "description": "",
    "image": null,
    "visibility": [
      "POS",
      "KIOSK",
      "TOAST_ONLINE_ORDERING"
    ],
    "price": null,
    "pricingStrategy": "OPEN_PRICE",
    "pricingRules": null,
...
How to set the price of an open price item

To set the price for an open price item, in the Selection object for the open price item, set the openPriceAmount value to the currency amount of the item price. openPriceAmount is the price of a single item before any quantity, taxes, discounts, and modifier adjustments are applied. For example, a restaurant configures a seafood special as an open price item. openPriceAmount is always the price of one seafood special, even if a guest orders more than one seafood special.

If you do not provide an openPriceAmount value for an open price menu item, the orders API sets the price to 0.00.

Include the open price items in the request body that you send to the /prices endpoint to get the check prices. For open price items, the call to the /prices endpoint returns the calculated tax for the item. The orders API calculates the tax based on the value of openPriceAmount.

Example Order object with an open price item

The following example shows a JSON Order object that contains a check with a single open price menu item.

{
  "entityType": "Order",
  "diningOption": {
    "guid": "23fc2559-fc37-46ce-a963-cc5fdb88af0c"
  },
  "checks": [
    {
      "selections": [
        {
          "entityType": "MenuItemSelection",
          "itemGroup": {
            "guid": "4c842ed6-ae99-425a-a343-390ab0e081d3"1
          },
          "item": {
            "guid": "e19e5a1c-2b52-42ad-935e-568cd2a333dc"2
          },
          "quantity": 1,3
          "openPriceAmount": 4.50,4
          "modifiers": []
        }
      ]
    }
  ]
}

1

The GUID of the menu group for the selected open price menu item.

2

The GUID of the selected open price menu item.

3

The quantity for the menu item selection.

4

A currency amount that sets the price for the open price menu item. The amount reflects the price before the quantity, taxes, discounts, and modifier adjustments are applied.

Open price values in orders API responses

Only include the openPriceAmount when you add an open price menu item to an order. openPriceAmount is not returned in orders API responses.

The orders API uses the openPriceAmount value to populate the receiptLinePrice value for the menu item selection.

Service charges for checks

You can apply general upcharges, or service charges, to checks when you create an order in the orders API. Some examples of service charges are a delivery fee for delivery orders, or a gratuity service charge based on the amount of the check.

Before you can apply a service charge, restaurants must configure the service charge in the Toast administration back-end. You then use the service charge GUID to add the service charge to the check. To retrieve the service charge GUID, you can use the configuration API.

For more information about service charges and how restaurants configure them, see Service charge overview in the Toast Platform Guide.

Getting the available service charges

To get the available service charges, send a GET request to the serviceCharges endpoint of the configuration API.

The response provides detailed information about each service charge, including:

guid

The GUID that the Toast platform generated for the service charge.

You use the GUID to add the service charge to a check.

amountType

The amount type for the service charge. amountType is one of the following:

  • PERCENT - The service charge is a specified fixed percentage of the check. For example, the service charge is always 10% of the check.

  • FIXED - The service charge is a specified fixed amount. For example, the service charge is always $5.00.

  • OPEN - The service charge does not have a specified amount. You provide the amount when you add the service charge to the check.

criteria

The eligibility criteria for the service charge. For orders placed using a Toast POS device, the criteria determines when to automatically apply a service charge.

For orders from the orders API, service charges are not added automatically. However, the orders API does use the criteria to validate the added service charges. For example, if you add a delivery service charge to a takeout order, the orders API returns an error.

The criteria includes whether to apply the service charge based on:

  • The dining option. For example, a service charge might only apply to takeout or delivery orders.

  • For delivery orders, the delivery distance.

  • The pre-discount amount of the check. Service charges might apply to orders that are either larger or smaller than a specified amount.

How to apply service charges to a check

To apply service charges to a check, include the appliedServiceCharges value in the Check object. Include a serviceCharge value for each service charge that applies to the check.

The orders API does not automatically add any service charges. You must add all of the applicable service charges. If the order does not meet the service charge criteria, the orders API rejects the order.

In each serviceCharge value:

  • Set guid to the Toast platform GUID of the service charge.

  • For an open service charge, include a chargeAmount value to set the amount of the service charge.

    Do not provide a chargeAmount for FIXED or PERCENT service charges. The orders API ignores chargeAmount values for FIXED or PERCENT service charges.

Example appliedServiceCharges value

The following example shows an appliedServiceCharges value that applies an open service charge to a check.

"appliedServiceCharges": [
  {
   "serviceCharge": {
     "guid": "0a81611c-b424-4586-9539-f33286c0211a"
   },
   "chargeAmount": 3.451
  }
]

1

You include chargeAmount for OPEN service charges. Do not include chargeAmount for FIXED or PERCENT service charges.

Working with taxes

When calculating taxes, the orders API uses rounding rules to round the tax amounts to valid denomination values.

Menu items, checks, and service charges are also configured to indicate whether they are taxable.

Tax rounding

When it calculates taxes and check prices, the orders API uses the following rounding rules to produce valid denomination values.

  • The orders API rounds all currency amounts to two decimal places.

  • When the orders API applies a percent tax rate, it uses the rounding algorithm that is configured for that percent tax rate.

    For example, depending on the configured rounding option, the orders API rounds a tax amount of $1.235 down to $1.23 or up to $1.24. For more information, see Rounding options in the Toast Platform Guide.

  • To calculate a check price, the orders API first rounds the item prices, including the tax amounts. It then sums the rounded item prices.

Important

This description of the orders API rounding method does not guarantee that orders API client software can accurately calculate check prices. The price of a check includes several factors in addition to the item prices and rounded tax amounts.

The /prices endpoint is the only reliable and supported way to determine the payment amount for a check. See Getting check prices before you submit an order.

If you POST an order with a payment amount that does not match the results from the /prices endpoint, then restaurant employees must manually handle the underpayment or overpayment during order fulfillment.

Tax exemptions for menu items, checks, and service charges

The following settings control whether items, checks, and service charges are taxable:

nontaxable flag for menu items

The nontaxable flag is a configuration setting that applies to menu items. It is not present in the API.

Indicates that an item is never taxable. For example, in some states or provinces, the sales tax does not apply to confectionery purchases.

taxExempt property for checks

The taxExempt property of a check is present in the API.

Indicates whether that particular check, rather than the items or service charges on it, is exempt from taxation.

For example, an order placed by a non-profit or government entity might be exempt from taxes.

taxable property for service charges

The taxable property of an AppliedServiceCharge is present in the API.

Indicates whether a service charge is taxable.

For example, tax rates can apply to delivery charges.